Traditional Chinese Paintings During Tang, Sung, Yuan, Ming, Qing Dynasties

Ancient / Traditional Chinese Brush Paintings

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The Jade Hall Peony - ink and colors on silk
by Hsu Hsi, Southern T'ang (937-375)

Hsu Hsi, was from Nanking. He was famous for his "drawings from life" and his use of color. Hsu usually painted flowers, bamboo, rocks, birds, and fish as seen in nature. This painting is typical of a class of five Dynasties court painting.

 

 

 

 

 

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December Plums and Camiellia (1729) - ink and colors on silk
by Huang Shen (1687-1768), Qing Dynasty

Huang Shen was a native of Fukien Province. A poet and calligrapher as well, he was one of the famous "Eight Yangchou Eccentrics". Huang Shen followed the Yuan masters in his landscape painting. .He also painted figures and Buddhist and Taoist subjects.

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New Year's Day (1735) - ink and colors on paper
by Ch'en Shu (1660-1736), Qing Dynasty

Ch'en Shu was a native of Hsiu-shui in Chekiang Province. She was noted for her paintings of flowers, birds, insects and grasses and landscapes. Her brush was strong ahd vigorous and possessed the spirit of the antique. This scroll was painted when she was 75 years old.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Ts'ao Taku Writing the Han Documents - ink and colors on paper
by Chin T'ingpiao (18th century), Qing Dynasty

Chin T'ingpiao was from Wu-hsing, Chekiang. He was famous in portrait, figure and flower paintings. He painted in lustrous tones of ink. This painting illustrates the story of Pan Chao the of Later Han recording the Han Documents.

 

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Kingfisher-blue Rocks and Red Trees - ink and color on paper
by Tung Panta (1699-1769), Qing Dynasty

Tung Panta was a native of Fuyang in Chekiang Province. He was the President of the Board of Rites, an accomplished calligrapher and painter. His was particularly know for his landscapes, which followed the styles of the Yuan masters. He often used a stiff, dry brush in a free and spontaneous manner. He was also famous for his use of colors.

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Wild Geese and Rushes - ink and colors on silk
by Huang Chu Tsai, Sung Dynasty

Huang Chu Tsai was from Dh'engtu in Szechuan Province. He was the son of famous Huang Ch'uan and carried his father's style in bamboo, birds, rocks and landscape. His paintings became the standard by which early Sung academic paintings were judged.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Four Magpies, ink and colors on silk
by Chao Ch'ang, Sung Dynasty

Chao Ch'ang was a native of Szechuan. He was particularly famous for his paintings of flowering plants and cut branches, vegetables and fruits. He observed the nature and painted what he had seen. He also applied this same skill to paint grasses, insects, birds, and rocks. He valued his own paintings very highly and often refused to sell them. Consequentyl few of his works have survived.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Spring in the Mountains - ink and colors on paper
by Chao Pochu Sung Dynasty

Chao Pochu was descended from the Sung Imperial line. He was the son of the famous painter Chao Lingjang. He was an excellent painter of landscapes, trees and rocks, flowering plants, birds, and animals, figures. The spiritual quality of his paintings is clear and rich.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Birds on a Branch in Snow - ink and colors on silk
by Wang Tingkuo, Sung Dynasty

Wang Tingkuo was from K'aifeng in Honan Province. He specialized in painting flowers and birds. His paintings are in light colors and possess an unusual degree of refinement.

 

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Grove of Trees in Mist and Rain- ink and colors on paper
by Kao Kokung (1248-1310), Yuan Dynasty

Kao Kokung was from Tatung Shansi. He served the Yuan government as a high official in the Board of Punishments. His landscapes were painted in the style of Mifu and Miyujen.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Cating fish - ink and color on silk
by Ni Tuan, Ming Dynasty

Ni Tuan was from Hangchou in Chekiang Province. He was an official of the Royal Guard. He is most famous for his figure paintings and taoist subject paintings. His landscapes followed the Southern Sung academic style. He also painted flowers in monochrome ink.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Orchid and Bamboo - ink on paper
by Taochi and Wang Yuanchi, Qing Dynasty

Taochi was a Buddhist monk. He painted in landscape, flowers and fruits, orchins and bamboo. His brushwork was unrestained and the ink freely flowing. He was considered "the greatest master of south of the Yangtze"

Wang Yuanchi was native of Kiangsu Province. He served the government in the Ministry of Revenue. In landscape paining he followed the styles of early masters and is considered one of the Six Great Masters of the Qing Dynasty.

This painting was done in 1691 when Taochi was 61 and Wang Yuanchi was 40 years old.

 

 

 

 

 

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