The ceramics of the Khmer
empire are believed to have started being produced in the 9th
Century. The ceramcis are of extremely good quality and were
produced in high volumes during the 11th and 12th centuries, especially
around the kilns at Mout Kulen near Angkor. There were also many
provincial kilns within the borders of present day
Thailand. The main centers of production were at Baranae and Ban
Kruat in Buriram province, and at Pimai in Northeastern Thailand.
Unfortunately, because of the destruction of central government control
and increasingly chaotic conditions, production of Khmer ceramics
ceased by the end of 13th Century.
A majority of Khmer ceramics
are glazed brown or celadon high fired stonewares, covered with a
natural feldspathic, wood-ash glaze with iron, dark jade-greens or deep
olive-green colors, but can vary to nearly white, gray, honey
yellow or brown. There are also dual-glazed, dual-colored and
unglazed wares in Khmer ceramics. Khmer ceramics were made in a
wide variety of shapes ranging from large storage jars, vases, covered
urns to bowls, pots and covered boxes, animal shaped lime pots and oil
lamps, figurines, conch shells and building material. It is
likely that many of these pieces were used for the purposes of ritual.
Generally Khmer ceramics are heavy, rather brooding, somber, and
serious looking pieces but all have a beauty of shape and glaze that
makes them extremely appreciated by those who have an eye for art and