Calligraphy

Chinese Calligraphy
Calligraphy by Ts'ai Hsiang of the Sung Dynasty.  He is a statesman and calligrapher -  famous of the calligraphy that shows the changes and movements of winds, clouds, dragons and snakes.

The history of Chinese calligraphy is as long as that of China itself.  Calligraphy is one of the highest forms of Chinese art.  In studying Chinese calligraphy one must learn something of the origins of Chinese language and of how they were originally written.  However, except for those brought up in the artistic traditions of the country, its aesthetic significance seems to be very difficult to grasp.

Chinese calligraphy serves the purpose of conveying thought but also shows the 'abstract' beauty of the line.  Rhythm, line, and structure are more perfectly embodied in calligraphy than in painting or sculpture.

Artistic Characters and rules:

  • Every Chinese character is built up in its own square with variety of structure and composition.
  • There are drawing of only three basic forms: the circle, the triangle, and the square.
  • For each character there is a definite number of strokes and appointed positions for them in
  • relation to the whole. No stroke may be added or deleted for decorative effect.
  • Strict regularity is not required.
  • The pattern should have a living movement

calligraphy by Fan Zeng
Calligraphy by famous Contemporary Chinese painter and calligrapher, Fan Zeng

Calligraphy Technique and Training:

  • Learn how to handle the brush and to grid the ink
  • Practice strokes and lines by write over in black ink the trace lines of characters.
  • Copy from the good calligraphy models, using graph paper.
  • Learn to raise the wrist and elbow in making a stroke. This is the method for writing medium sized or larger characters.
  • Practice, practice and practice.


Calligraphy in different styles:

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Young Fa (1696 - 1750)
Calligraphy in Cursive Script, horizontal scrolled ink on paper, 20 1/4 x 73 3/8 inches

Yang Fa was boarn in Nanjing, Jiangsu Province of the Qing Dynasty. He was well versed in seal style calligraphy and was very good at seal cutting. Yang Fa was the calligrapher who wrote the famous inscription of Huangyuan. In 1745, he made 19 volumes of ancient poetry in official style.

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Wang Duo (1592-1652)

Calligraphy in Cursive Script
Ink on Silk, 74 x 20 1/2 inches

Wang Duo was born in Mengjin, Henan Province. He is also known by his literary names of Shiqiao, ChiAn, etc. He was recognized during the Ming Dynasty and was appointed as the Scholar of the court in the Qing Dynasty. He was famous of his style to add importance to expressing emotion in his calligraphy.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Zhang Zuyi (1849-1917)

Calligraphy in Clerical Script, ink on paper
52 3/8 x 26 inches

Zhang Zuyi was born in Tongcheng, Anhui Province. His was also known by his literary name Lei. Zhang Zuyi learned the seal style calligraphy from ancient styles of Shigu and Zhongding. His official style was the style of the Han Dynasty. He also devoted to the study of inscriptions on the bronzes and stone tablets.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Hu Shu (1825-1872)

Calligraphy Couplet in Seal Character, ink on paper
50 5/8 x 9 7/8 inches

Hu Shu is a native of Jixi, Anhui Province. He is also known for his literary name Shisheng. He was very well-known in 1859. His seal style calligraphy was known for its characteristics of that of the Qing Dynasty and the Han Dynasty.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Chen Hongshou(1768-1822)

Calligraphy Couplet in Running Script
51 5/8 x 12 1/4 inches

Chen Hongshou was born in Hangzhou. He was also known by his literary name Mansheng. He was not only famous of his calligraphy but for the seal carving, painting, and in poetry.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Yi Bingshou (1754-1815)

Calligraphy in Running Script, ink on gold flacked paper
6 7/8 x 20 1/2 inches

Yi Bingshou was a native of Ninghua, Fujian Province of the Qing Dynasty. He was also known by his literary name Moqing. He was of great literary talent and was well versed in seal style and official style calligraphy. His regular script was of the Yang Zhengqing style.

 

 

 

 

 

 

calart7Zhang Ruitu ( -1644)

Calligraphy in running Script and Cursive Script, ink on paper
56 1/4 x 12 5/8 inches

Zhang Ruitu was a native of Jinjiang, Fujian Province of the Ming Dynasty. He was also known by his literary anme Ershui. Zhang Ruitu was well versed in calligraphy and landscape paintings, with his style of bold and vigorous strokes.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Xu Wei (1521-1593)

Calligraphy in Running Script, ink on paper
14 1/2 x 13 1/4 inches

Xu Wei was born in Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province of the Ming Dynasty. He was also known by his literary name Tianchi. His calligraphy was bold and unrestrained. His also wrote poetry and was a painter.

 

 

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Yang Bin (1650-1720)

ink on papr
6 7/8 x 19 1/2 inches

Yang Bin was born in Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province of the Qing Dynasty. He was also known by his literary name Dapiao Shanren. He was well versed in calligraphy and was an expert of stone tablets

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Weng Zhengming (1470-1559)

Calligraphy in Running Script, ink on gold flacked paper
6 7/8 x 20 1/2 inches

Weng Zhengming was also known by his literary name Hengshang Jushi. His styles reflect influences from Song and Yuan masters' calligraphers.

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Chen Yixi ( 1648-1709)

Calligraphy in Running Script, ink on paper
39 x 16 1/2 inches

Chen Yixi was native of Haining, Zhejiang Province. He was also known his literary name Xiangquan. His calligraphy was of the style of the Jin Dynasty. Chen Yixi also wrote several books on calligraphy.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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